In order to improve sewage sludge characterization for both dewatering and agricultural spreading, we have studied their electrical and rheological properties. On the one hand, electrical measurements give a picture of the microstructure of the material (charges, particles mobility), whereas on the other hand, rheological experiments describe its macrostructure (consistency). The interactions of the matter are the link between them. Our results showed that sludge becomes more conductive when its dry content (for a defined composition) or the temperature increases, and also during aging. In parallel its apparent viscosity increases with the dry content but decreases with the temperature or during aging. In each case a clear correlation was found between electrical and rheological parameters. This relationship clearly depends on sludge composition, and also on parameters such as the temperature, the observation frequency, the velocity range in the case of relaxation experiments. Finally, those types of experiments can be correlated to improve the comprehension of sludge structure and consistency characterization.
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